Fascinating Facts About WW II Aviation History

Lockheed P-38 Lightning                              10,037  Made

On average, 6600 American servicemen died per MONTH, during WWII (about 220 a day).

People who were not around during WW2 have no understanding of the magnitude.  This gives some insight. 

276,000 aircraft manufactured in the US .

43,000 planes lost overseas, including 23,000 in combat. 

14,000 lost in the continental U.S.

The staggering cost per aircraft in 1945 dollars

B-17       $204,370.     P-40       $44,892.

B-24       $215,516.     P-47       $85,578.

B-25       $142,194.     P-51       $51,572.

B-26       $192,426.     C-47       $88,574.

B-29       $605,360.     PT-17     $15,052.

P-38         $97,147.     AT-6       $22,952.

From Germany ‘s invasion of Poland Sept. 1, 1939  until Japan ‘s surrender on Sept. 2, 1945 = 2,433 days.  

America lost an average of 170 planes per day.

A  B-17 carried 2,500 gallons of high octane fuel and carried a crew of 10 airmen.

9.7 billion gallons of gasoline consumed.

108 million hours flown.

460 thousand million / 460,000,000,000 (460 Billion) rounds of aircraft ammo fired overseas.

7.9 million bombs dropped  overseas.

2.3 million combat flights.

299,230 aircraft used.

808,471 aircraft engines used.

799,972 propellers.

 

WWII MOST-PRODUCED COMBAT AIRCRAFT

 

Yakolev Yak-1,-3,-7, -9                               31,000

 

Messerschmitt Bf-109                                  30,480

 

Focke-Wulf Fw-190                                      29,001

 

Supermarine Spitfire                                     20,351

 

Convair B-24/PB4Y Liberator/Privateer       18,482

 

Republic P-47 Thunderbolt                          15,686

 

North American P-51 Mustang                     15,875

 

Junkers Ju-88                                              15,000

 

Hawker Hurricane                                        14,533

 

Curtiss P-40 Warhawk                                 13,738

 

Boeing B-17 Flying Fortress                         12,731

 

Vought F4U Corsair                                      12,571

 

Grumman F6F Hellcat                                  12,275

 

Petlyakov Pe-2                                             11,400

 

Lockheed P-38 Lightning                              10,037

 

Mitsubishi A6M Zero                                    10,449

 

North American B-25 Mitchell                        9,984

 

Lavochkin LaGG-5                                         9,920

 

Grumman TBM Avenger                                9,837

 

Bell P-39 Airacobra                                        9,584

 

Nakajima Ki-43 Oscar                                    5,919

 

DeHavilland Mosquito                                   7,780

 

Avro Lancaster                                              7,377

 

Heinkel He-111                                              6,508

 

Handley-Page Halifax                                     6,176

 

Messerschmitt Bf-110                                    6,150

 

Lavochkin LaGG-7                                         5,753

 

Boeing B-29 Superfortress                            3,970

 

Short  Stirling                                                   2,383

 

 

The US lost 14,903 pilots, aircrew and support personnel plus 13,873 airplanes — inside the continental United States .  There were 52,651 aircraft accidents (6,039 involving fatalities) in 45 months.

Average 1,170 aircraft accidents per month—- nearly 40 a day.

It gets worse…..

Almost 1,000  planes disappeared en route from the US to foreign climes.  But  43,581 aircraft were lost overseas including 22,948 on combat missions (18,418 in Europe ) and 20,633 due to non-combat causes overseas.

In a single 376 plane raid in August 1943,  60 B-17s were shot down. That was a 16 percent loss rate and meant

600 empty bunks in England . In 1942-43, it was statistically impossible for bomber crews to complete the intended 25-mission tour in Europe .

Pacific theatre losses were far less (4,530 in combat) owing to smaller forces committed.  The B-29 mission against Tokyo on May 25, 1945, cost 26 Superfortresses, 5.6 percent of the 464 dispatched from the Marianas .

On  average, 6,600 American servicemen died per month during WWII, about 220 a day.  Over 40,000 airmen were killed in combat and another 18,000 wounded.  Some 12,000 missing men were declared dead, including those “liberated” by the Soviets but never returned.  More than 41,000 were captured.   Half of the 5,400 held by the Japanese died in captivity,  compared with one-tenth in German hands.   Total combat casualties were  121,867.

The US forces peak strength was in 1944 with 2,372,000 personnel, nearly twice the previous year’s figure.

Losses were huge—but so were production totals.   From 1941 through 1945, American industry delivered more than 276,000 military aircraft.  That was not only for US Army, Navy and Marine Corps, but also for allies as diverse as Britain , Australia , China and Russia .  

Our enemies took massive losses.  Through much of 1944, the Luftwaffe sustained hemorrhaging of  25% of aircrews and 40 planes a month.

Experience Level:

Uncle Sam sent many men to war with minimum training.  Some fighter pilots entered combat in 1942 with less than 1 hour in their assigned aircraft..

The 357th Fighter Group (The Yoxford Boys) went to England in late 1943 having trained on P-39s, then flew Mustangs.   They never saw a Mustang until the first combat mission. 

With the arrival of new aircraft, many units transitioned in combat.  The attitude was, “They all have a stick and a throttle.  Go fly `em.”   When the famed 4th Fighter Group converted from P-47s to P-51s in Feb 44, there was no time to stand down for an orderly transition.   The Group commander, Col. Donald Blakeslee, said,

“You can learn to fly 51s on the way to the target”. 

 

A future P-47 ace said, “I was sent to England to die.”  Many bomber crews were still learning their trade.  Of Jimmy Doolittle’s 15 pilots on the April 1942  Tokyo raid, only five had won their wings before 1941.   All but one of the 16 co-pilots were less than a year out of flight school.

In WW2,  safety took a back seat to combat.  The AAF’s worst accident rate was recorded by the A-36 Invader version of the P-51: a staggering 274 accidents per 100,000 flying hours.   Next worst were the P-39 at 245, the P-40 at 188, and the P-38 at 139.  All were Allison powered.

Bomber wrecks were fewer but more expensive.  The B-17 and B-24 averaged 30 and 35 accidents per 100,000

flight hours respectively– a horrific figure considering that from 1980 to 2000 the Air Force’s major mishap rate

was less than 2.

The B-29 was even worse at 40 per 100,000 hours; the world’s most sophisticated, most capable and most expensive bomber was too urgently needed to be able to stand down for mere safety reasons.

(Compare:  when a $2.1 billion B-2 crashed in 2008, the Air Force declared a two-month “safety pause”).

The B-29 was no better for maintenance. Although the R3350 was known as a complicated, troublesome power-plant, only half the mechanics had previous experience with it.  

Navigators:

Perhaps the greatest success story concerned Navigators.  The Army graduated some 50,000 during WW2.

Many had never flown out of sight of land before leaving “Uncle Sugar” for a war zone.  Yet they found their way across oceans and continents without getting lost or running out of fuel – a tribute to the AAF’s training.

At its height in mid-1944, the USAAF had 2.6 million people and nearly 80,000 aircraft of all types. 

Today the US Air Force employs 327,000 active personnel (plus 170,000 civilians) with 5,500+ manned and perhaps 200 unmanned aircraft.  That’s about 12% of the manpower and 7% of the airplanes of the WW2 peak.

SUMMATION:

Another war like that of 1939-45 is doubtful, as fighters and bombers have given way to helicopters and remotely-controlled drones, eg. over Afghanistan and Iraq .  But within our living memory, men left the earth in 1,000-plane formations and fought major battles five miles high, leaving a legacy that remains timeless.